What is Appendicitis?
1 . Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a pouch-shaped organ connected to the large intestine.
If it is not treated in time, the appendix can rupture, which is a life-threatening situation. Always seek immediate medical attention if you think you have appendicitis.
2. Appendix is usually in the lower right-hand side of your abdomen, but pain from appendicitis may start in the middle of your abdomen. Lower or upper abdomen.
3. Treatment for appendicitis is surgery to remove the appendix. After surgery, most people recover quickly and without complications.
A blockage, or obstruction, in the appendix can lead to appendicitis, which is an inflammation and infection of your appendix. The blockage may result from a buildup of mucus, parasites, or most commonly, fecal matter. When there’s an obstruction in the appendix, bacteria can multiply quickly inside the organ. This causes the appendix to become irritated and swollen, ultimately leading to appendicitis.
Although the appendix is a part of your gastrointestinal tract, it’s a vestigial organ. This means that it provides no vital function and that you may live a normal, healthy life without it. The purpose of the appendix is unknown. Some believe it contains tissue that helps your immune system process infections in your body.
If you don’t get treatment for an inflamed appendix quickly, it can rupture and release dangerous bacteria into your abdomen. The resulting infection is called peritonitis. This is a serious life threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Having a ruptured appendix is a life-threatening situation. Rupture rarely happens within the first 24 hours of symptoms, but the risk of rupture rises dramatically after 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. It’s very important to recognize the early symptoms of appendicitis so that you can seek medical treatment immediately.
Symptoms of appendicitis
Appendicitis causes a variety of symptoms, including:
- abdominal pain
- low fever nausea
- vomiting loss of appetite
- difficulty passing gas
Not all people will have the same symptoms, but it’s crucial that you see a doctor as quickly as possible. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the appendix can rupture as quickly as 48 to 72 hours after the onset of symptoms. Go to the hospital immediately if you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms.
Symptoms of appendicitis in children
Always take your child to the hospital if you suspect they have appendicitis.
Children aren’t always able to describe how they’re feeling. They also may have a difficult time pinpointing the pain, and they may say that the pain is in their entire abdomen. This can make it difficult to determine that appendicitis is the cause. Parents can easily mistake appendicitis for a stomach bug or urinary tract infection (UTI).
It’s always better to be cautious when it comes to appendicitis. A ruptured appendix can be dangerous for anyone, but the risk of death is highest in infants and toddlers.
Children ages 2 and younger often show the following symptoms of appendicitis:
- abdominal bloating or swelling
- a tender abdomen
Older children and teenagers are more likely to experience:
- pain in the lower right side of the abdomen
Symptoms of appendicitis during pregnancy
Many appendicitis symptoms are similar to the discomforts of pregnancy. These include stomach cramping, nausea, and vomiting. However, pregnant women may not always have the classic symptoms of appendicitis, especially late in pregnancy. The growing uterus pushes the appendix higher during pregnancy. This means pain may occur in the upper abdomen instead of the lower right side of the abdomen. Pregnant women with appendicitis are also more likely to experience heartburn, gas, or alternating episodes of constipation and diarrhea.
What is a Laparoscopic Appendectomy?
Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical problems. One out of every 2,000 people has an appendectomy sometime during their lifetime. Treatment requires an operation to remove the infected appendix. Traditionally, the appendix is removed through an incision in the right lower abdominal wall.
In most laparoscopic appendectomies, surgeons operate through 3 small incisions (each ¼ to ½ inch) while watching an enlarged image of the patient’s internal organs on a television monitor. In some cases, one of the small openings may be lengthened to complete the procedure.
Advantages of Laparoscopic Appendectomy
Results may vary depending upon the type of procedure and patient’s overall condition. Common advantages are:
- Less postoperative pain
- May shorten hospital stay
- May result in a quicker return to bowel function
- Quicker return to normal activity
- Better cosmetic results
Why Hashmanis ?
Hashmanis Hospital has excellent modern laparoscopic instruments where international standards, protocol of sterilization and safety is strictly followed. The surgeons are well experienced in minimal access surgery and they have got great contribution to the medical profession. They are great names in the field of surgical practice in the country and abroad
Prof. Dr. SM Abbas Hussain
MBBS (Gold Medalist), FCPS
Specialist General and Laparoscopic Surgeon
Head of Surgery Department
Dr. Masoom Raza