The procedure of Corneal Graft is very straight forward. Once the doctor decides that the transplant is only cure for the current state of eye disorder, they would inform the patient about the options and the risks associated with the procedure. In many cases, the risks of the surgery are similar to those in major surgical operations. Once the patient agrees, the doctor adds the name to the list of people waiting for corneal transplant.
The procedure of Corneal Graft usually starts several weeks before the actual operation. In this time, the patient waits for the right cornea to become available. In the meanwhile, the doctor will conduct several rounds of test to make sure that the patient is ready for the procedure.
On the day of the test, the patient fills an informed consent form to show that they understand the risks involved. The doctor then examines the patient and let the OR staff prepare the patient for the operation.
The Corneal Graft Procedure is usually conducted under local anesthesia. However, depending upon the age and condition of the patient, the surgeon could order a general anesthesia.
The next stage is the removal of the diseased cornea. For this the surgeon uses a special instrument for removing a circular piece of cornea. The exact size of this removal depends on the extent of damage to the cornea and the portion of the cornea the surgeon wishes to replace.
A similar piece is removed from the donated cornea. This piece is then stitched in the patient's eye.