Keratoconus is the eye disorder that affects the shape of the cornea. The result is abnormal vision including multiple shapes, streaking and perception of objects. The patient could also develop sensitivity to light.
A patient suffering from Keratoconus is unable to complete normal tasks like reading and driving. Because of the distortions in vision, it is impossible for the patient to have normal vision.
In this condition, the cornea of the eye looses it original gradual curvature and becomes elongated. The surface also loses its thickness and becomes thin. Since cornea is an essential eye structure, the conical shape affects the image formation process and the output to retina.
Keratoconus could affect a single eye or both eyes at the same time. The intensity of the disorder could differ in the eyes. Thu, a patient could see two different sets of distorted images from two eyes.
Keratoconus is a relatively common disorder affecting one in two thousand people. The problem usually starts in adolescence and could progress in the next ten years. After this period, the cornea stops distorting and settles into its current shape.
Symptoms Of Keratoconus
Common symptoms of Keratoconus include blurred vision, heightened sensitivity to light, increased distortion in vision, almost yearly changes in eye prescription.
Causes Of Keratoconus
Suspected causes of Keratoconus include injury to cornea, weakened cornea tissues, properly fitted contact lenses and constant eye irritation
Management Of Keratoconus
Treatment of Keratoconus is long term process that includes close coordination between the patient and the doctor. It is important to avoid self medication of all types during the treatment process.