Ptosis is the medical term referring to the eye condition more commonly known as 'drooping' eyes. In this condition, the upper eyelid partially or completely covers the eye. This interferes with the vision and development of the eyes.
The condition could be very mild from a slight drop to rare conditions where the upper eyelid completely covers the eyeball. The result is partial or complete loss of vision in the eye. In extreme cases, the condition could cause other related eye disorders such as amblyopia or astigmatism.
Ptosis could be divided into two major categories. The first and more common type is known as Acquired Ptosis. In this condition, the muscles controlling the upper eyelid become weak and/or stretched because of age or other factors. The second type is Congenital Ptosis which is considered a birth defect. This condition could be caused by lack of or underdevelopment of muscles that control the eyelid.
While Acquired Ptosis is common in older people, Congenital Ptosis is also frequently encountered. It is very important that this condition should be treated as soon as possible because it could seriously affect the development of vision and structure of the eye.
Treatment Of Ptosis
in the case of mild Ptosis, the doctors might prescribe muscles strengthening exercises for the area. Special glasses with attachments for propping up the eyelid are also available. However, in extreme cases, the doctors might employ a surgical procedure called Blepharoplasty. This procedure shortens the muscles controlling the eyelids. In cases where the muscles are too weak, the procedure could attach eyelids directly to muscles of forehead. This does not cause any significant discomfort or loss of vision.